Jeruzalem Church in Amsterdam: History, Facts, & Services

The Jeruzalem Church is a historic church located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It was built in the early 17th century and is considered to be one of the city's finest examples of Dutch Renaissance architecture. 

The church was originally built as a Catholic church in Amsterdam, but it was converted to Protestantism in the late 16th century. It was named the "New Church" because it was built to replace an older church that had been destroyed by fire.

The Jeruzalem Church is known for its impressive exterior, which features intricate stone carvings, statues, and a distinctive tower with a clock. The interior of the church is equally impressive, with a soaring nave, ornate chandeliers, and stained glass windows.

This is one of the best churches in Amsterdam that has a rich history, and it has been used for a variety of purposes over the years.


Jerusalem Church (Jeruzalemkerk in Dutch) is a historic church located in the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The church has a fascinating history that dates back to the 17th century.

The church was built in 1602 by the Walloon community, a group of French-speaking Protestants who fled persecution in France. The Walloons settled in Amsterdam and built the church, which was originally called the French Reformed Church. One of the oldest churches in Amsterdam, Jerusalem has historical significance. 

In the 17th century, the church was expanded and renovated several times to accommodate the growing population of the Walloon community. In 1661, the church was renamed Jerusalem Church, which reflected the deep spiritual connection that the Walloons felt with the Holy Land.

Over the centuries, the Jerusalem Church became a significant center for the Walloon community in Amsterdam. It was also used by other Protestant groups, including the Huguenots and the English Reformed Church. So it is one of the prime English-speaking churches in Amsterdam.

During World War II, the church was damaged by bombing, and many of its treasures were lost. However, the church was restored and reopened in 1952. Today, the Jerusalem Church continues to be an active place of worship and a symbol of the city's rich religious heritage.


Jeruzalem is a popular tourist destination in Amsterdam. There are several services that Jeruzalem church in Amsterdam below:

  • Religious services: Jeruzalem Church is likely to provide regular worship services, such as Sunday Mass, mid-week services, and special religious holidays, to its members and visitors. These services could include prayers, hymns, Bible readings, sermons, and sacraments.

  • Spiritual guidance: The church might offer counseling and pastoral care to individuals seeking spiritual guidance, comfort, or advice on personal, family, or community issues. The services could be provided by the clergy or trained laypersons.

  • Community outreach: Jeruzalem Church could be involved in various community outreach programs to help people in need, such as providing food and shelter to the homeless, supporting refugees and immigrants, or collaborating with local charities and social organizations.

  • Education and formation: The church might offer religious education and formation programs for children, youth, and adults, such as Sunday school, catechism classes, Bible studies, and seminars. The programs could aim to deepen the knowledge and understanding of the Christian faith, foster moral values and social skills, and promote interfaith dialogue and tolerance.

  • Worship and cultural events: Jeruzalem Church might organize various worship and cultural events, such as concerts, festivals, art exhibitions, and theater performances, to promote the arts and culture and foster community spirit.

Architectural Significance

Jeruzalem Church, also known as the Church of St. John and St. Philip, is an important example of Dutch modernist architecture. Designed by architect Frits Eschauzier and completed in 1928, the church features several distinctive architectural elements that make it significant.

Here are some of the architectural features that make Jeruzalem Church significant:

  • Expressionist style: Jeruzalem Church is an excellent example of expressionist architecture, a style that emerged in the early 20th century as a reaction against the ornate and eclectic styles of the past. 

  • Use of concrete: Jeruzalem Church is notable for its innovative use of concrete as a construction material. At the time of its construction, concrete was still a relatively new building material, and its use in the church was a bold statement of modernity and innovation. 

  • Interior design: The interior of Jeruzalem Church is also significant, with a spacious, open-plan layout that emphasizes simplicity and clarity. The use of concrete continues inside the church, with exposed concrete walls and columns giving the space a clean, modernist feel. 

  • Integration with the landscape: Jeruzalem Church is situated on a hill overlooking Amsterdam, and the building's design takes full advantage of its natural surroundings. The angular rooflines and tower of the church echo the nearby hills and trees, while the church's long, low profile blends into the landscape. 


Here are some facts about Jeruzalem Church in Amsterdam:

  • Jeruzalem Church is located in the neighborhood of Watergraafsmeer in the eastern part of Amsterdam, Netherlands. It is an English church in Amsterdam that people visit to offer their prayers. 

  • The church was designed by Dutch architect Frits Eschauzier and completed in 1928.

  • Jeruzalem Church is also known as the Church of St. John and St. Philip.

  • The church was built for the liberal Protestant community in Amsterdam and was intended as a modern, forward-thinking place of worship.

  • The church's architecture is characterized by its use of concrete, which was a relatively new building material at the time of its construction.

  • The church's interior features a spacious, open-plan layout with exposed concrete walls and columns, creating a clean, modernist aesthetic.

  • The church's altar, font, and pulpit are all made of concrete, reinforcing the building's overall aesthetic.